Buying an apartment – don’t forget to check
When choosing an apartment, the future owner takes into account the most diverse factors and nuances. Here are the technical aspects, and subjective perception, and the environment, and neighbors. The main thing behind all this is not to forget about the legal component of the issue, about the so-called legal purity.
We list the cornerstones that are included in the verification of this very purity.
Is the “seller” the seller
Buying an apartment – do not forget to check Objective information about who owns the apartment and has the right to dispose of it, contains the Unified State Register of Rights to Real Estate. And the first thing you need to take an extract from it. In addition to information about the owners, the extract will let you know what restrictions are imposed on the apartment: arrests, pledges, encumbrances.
Carefully you need to verify the data contained in the title documents, extract from the Unified State Register and the passport of the owners.
Legal History of the Home
An apartment can repeatedly change hands. And the more and more often this happened, the more you need to worry. Reliable information about all the transfers of ownership of the apartment will give the USRP already known to us. To do this, you need to get the so-called “extended” statement. The Unified State Register contains information on transactions starting in 1998. For information on transactions in an earlier period of time, you must contact the DMZH.
Such statements are issued only to owners or by proxy from them. Therefore, if you are denied such an extract, it is worth considering whether everything is clean with the past of the housing you liked.
Who lives in the house
In addition to the history of the owners, it is important to find out who lived in the apartment, or rather, who remained registered at the place of residence (registered) from the previous tenants. To obtain such information, you need an archived or extended extract from the house book. Ideally, all people who previously lived in the apartment should be deregistered, which will contain relevant information in the statement. The exception is the situation of the so-called alternative sale, when the current owners and their family members will be discharged into the simultaneously acquired housing.
Separately, it is necessary to pay attention to the privatization of the apartment, whether minor children who did not participate in the privatization were registered in the apartment. Such privatization may be challenged.
Are all the walls in the apartment correctly
Unlawful redevelopments often go without proper attention of future apartment owners. But in vain, because all the responsibility for alterations in the apartment lies with them.
Checking for redevelopments is very easy. You need to take a floor plan for the current date and compare what you see there with that. What do you see in a real apartment.
Do not trust the seller, who assures that the redevelopment is “easy” and easy to legitimize. It must be remembered that not all alterations in an apartment can be legalized in principle, and there is already a practice of depriving property rights for unauthorized redevelopment.
The seller is a little strange
Another often missed point is the legal capacity of the owners. But to make sure of their legal capacity is extremely important. In this matter, neither good manners nor the sense of trust that the seller evokes in you should be misleading. As a minimum, ask for certificates from the narcological and neuropsychiatric dispensaries; at the most, you need to conduct a medical examination on the day of the transaction.
There is a very simple way to check the legal cleanliness of the apartment – contact professional realtors.